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Case definition of COVID-19 infection        14 March 2020

The Ministry of Health has developed the following case definition for COVID-19 based on expert advice from our Technical Advisory Group. The case definition takes into account both the epidemiology of the virus as well as its clinical presentation. The criteria are provisional only and will be revised as more precise information emerges on the outbreak including characteristics of transmission, incubation and infectious period and geographical spread.

A suspected case satisfies both the epidemiological and the clinical criteria for each of the following three scenarios (i.e. in the same row): 

 

Clinical criteria

 

Epidemiological criteria

1

Fever (≥38oC) OR any acute respiratory infection with at least one of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, cough or sore throat with or without fever.

AND

Travel to or from (excluding airport transit) countries or areas of concern within 14 days before onset of illness

 

 

OR

 

 

2

Fever (≥38oC) OR any acute respiratory illness with at least one of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, cough or sore throat with or without fever

AND

Close contact or casual contact with a suspect, probable or confirmed case of SARS-CoV-2 infection in the 14 days before onset of illness

 

OR

 

 

 

 

Healthcare workers with moderate or severe community-acquired pneumonia

AND

Regardless of any international travel


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